The lake Occhito is actually a large, artificial, the largest artificial lake in Italy and the second in Europe. It was built in the late 50's to compensate for the chronic water shortage in the area of Foggia, with a dam on the river at the town of Carlisle Fortore, on the border with Molise. It has a length of approximately 12 km and half belongs to the Province of Foggia and the remainder of the Province of Campobasso. At its creation is attributed to the increase of the moisture in the surrounding areas, especially in Foggiano, where the climate was famous for the excessive dryness, which was in fact the cause that forced her to move to Padre Pio in San Giovanni Rotondo.
The lake area Occhito presents a typical environment of the areas pre-Apennine. Cultivated land all the way to the banks of the river, small and deciduous forests, sparsi tra una cultura agricola e un’altra. Along the wetland is a typical riverine vegetation with aspen groves and Mediterranean. Many species are of considerable botanical interest, among which is to detect the presence of several species of wild orchids. The whole area is an important stopping place, refuge and breeding ground for many animals, and varied fauna is the existing. The area is a natural habitat especially suitable for various species of mammals. Among these, in particular the wolf has been reported in several locations. You can also find many reptiles (Cervone, biacco, biscia, natrix, saettone and viper), insects (beetle cerambicidae, mantide and Libellula) and butterflies, birds (heron red, owl, barn owl, bat, Allocco, airone cenrino, swallow, nibbio, meadow, folaga), including many raptors and waterfowl, as well as various species of fish and amphibians found in the lake (crabs, ramarro, rana, treefrog, lizard, cavedano, tinca and trout).
In the area of natural paths are made of environmental education that they are able to sensitize and educate visitors to respect nature, the enhancement of existing wealth, the acquisition of the direction of orientation, to the understanding of the biological cycle. The activities carried out as particularly interesting water, blue gold of the third millennium and issues related to it, the water cycle, water uses, the inquinamento, water saving, thirst in the world, the privatization of water. Visitors can hike or free guided tours.
The tours provide a presentation of the dam Occhito, with emphasis on the operation of the plant, and possibly, reservation, visit the same. It continues with a presentation of the part naturalistic, scenic walk and access to playground.
There are also laboratory activities within the classroom blue, structure capable of hosting groups visiting the hedged play for meetings, projections, tuition, comments, research, etc..
GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION: Italy, Puglia, City of Carlisle, border regions of Puglia and Molise.
EXTENSION: 13 sq km. about.
CONSTRAINTS PROTEZlONE: Constraint Landscape and Hydrological.
DISABLED ACCESS: In parte
DEGREE OF DIFFICULTY ': T (Tourist)
The service visits is maintained by third parties on request and for a minimum 8 people.
For individual visits there will be a fee of Euro 7,00 a person. Per i groups of more than 15 people of any age the cost is Euro 5,00 a person.