The nature reserve Salina Margherita di Savoia, also known as Saline di Barletta, is a protected natural area of Puglia established in 1977.
The current Salina Margherita di Savoia is located along a coastal strip, in the northern part of Puglia, that goes from the territory of Barletta south and north ends of the Zapponeta and that of Manfredonia. The salt marshes bordering the Adriatic with its 20 km long and 5 km wide, with an average annual production of about 5.500.000 tons of salt, is the first in Europe and second in the world. Inside and 'present the Historical Museum of Saline, located in an old salt warehouse adjacent to the sixteenth-century Torre delle Saline. Within the reserve there is also the natural Observatory “Salpi” in the management "Lipu" (Italian League for Bird Protection).
The presence of natural salt made known the town since ancient times. Known as early as the third century A.D., the saline was then used by the Normans. The late sixteenth and early seventeenth century began or intensified a better return movement of the salt from the salt flats, although the thriving and profitable industry Salinara never ceased to exist. In the eighteenth century it was acquired by the Salina Bourbon, and call Salina Barletta, believed that the “the most precious jewel in their crown” and returned to public management. In 1754 There was the modernization and expansion of Saline, also occurred with the creation of new zones salting, as one called the Queen. Dopo l’unità d’Italia, the population Salinara, elected its own autonomous administration. The town's name was also changed in the 1879 in Margherita di Savoia, in honor of the Queen consort of Italy, wife of Umberto I.
In the twentieth century there was a gradual industrialization of salt. In the 30s it was designed a futuristic warehouse by Pier Luigi Nervi. He then went to the State Monopolies, from 1994 to AtiSale and in 2003 the Company Salapia Salt Ltd.
The fauna is distinctly bird population, although it is not to overlook the presence of fish, memory when some tanks were engaged on the breeding of fish and the presence of bats, attracted to the area by the abundant presence of insects.
Other mammals that frequent the salt are Fox and the Weasel, the latter seen just at the facilities of the Observatory naturalistic.
The potential fauna of the salt is largely due to the presence of a series of tanks to increasing salinity and different depths that allow you to meet the needs of different species.
The salt flats are a unique habitat especially for resting and wintering shorebirds of (small birds that move where the water is shallower in search of small prey such as molluscs, maggots and worms) trai which the Sandpiper pancianera that sometimes exceeds 10.000 Individuals, the Gambecchio, theAvocet, the Chiurlo and even the very rare Chiulottello species in absolute risk of extinction of the entire Palearctic. Among the ducks is important to note the presence of a curious bird with red beak, Rare Volpoca (so called because of the habit of nesting in cavities dug in the ground by foxes and rabbits) and Fischione, Unfortunately, the subject of poaching still present in the area. These birds add interest to the winter presence of Spatole, Crane, Great Egrets, and small groups of Geese who once flocked by the thousands covering the uncultivated areas on the edge of the reserve.
Among the nesting in the end Cavaliere d’Italia, theAvocet, the Sister, the Fraticello, the Stern zampenere, the Pratincole, the Seagull rosy, the Gull in addition to the now famous Pink Flamingo which now consistently above the thousand people formed their own salt in one of the largest European populations of this species.
The marshes are areas of natural interest, among the most productive and high biodiversity.
For these reasons,, and because of the drastic reduction suffered in the last sixty years due to reclamation, have long been the attention of the organs of conservation and the subject of international conventions and treaties because they are still seriously threatened. These environments, mostly located in coastal areas in correspondence of the last stretches of rivers and streams, are generally characterized by a rich vegetation and hydric hydrophilic as well as aquatic. The species composition varies depending on the degree of salinity, although there are euryhaline species such as Lenticchia d’acqua, that colonize both the freshwater and brackish those. Among the species typical of these habitats are the Reed, the Bats deaf, the Giunco, the Tamarisk, etc..
The soil next to the brackish coastal swamps. so-called “salty soils” because rich salt, give rise to an interesting plant formation: the Salicornieto. This type of grassland very particular, recognized by the European Community as a priority habitat, is constituted by species Alofile (Lovers of salt) with a dominance of Chenopodiaceae, in particular Salicornia, frutice with fleshy branches, a time also used for the power supply.
GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION: Italy, Puglia, City of Margherita di Savoia, provincia B.A.T. (Barletta, Andria, Trani).
EXTENSION: 4000 ha of which 3500 of surface evaporator and the remaining area of salting.
CONSTRAINTS PROTEZlONE: Constraint Landscape and Hydrological.
DISABLED ACCESS: One
DEGREE OF DIFFICULTY ': T (Tourist)
The visit to the Wetland and Salina Margherita di Savoia is made on request and prior authorization. Must be equipped with their own transport and provides a path which varies from 10 a 20 kilometers.
Admission is free, the compulsory guide. The hourly cost of driving, one for each mode of transport, is independent of the number of people that composes the group.
Only approved transport up to seven people, you can use a guide for two vehicles, in this case, the explanation will be concentrated in the sun stops.
- Cost guide: € 20,00 now each group for each means of transport
- Cost guide: + accompaniment and booking € 30,00 now each group for each means of transport